How To Grow Daylily Basics
There are allot of opinions on how to grow a healthy daylily and I'm sure they are all correct in their own right. Daylilies are one of the most hardy, easy to grow plants, sold in America today. You really have to try real hard to kill them. Even the worst green thumbs can grow daylilies.
Daylilies come in a variety of colors. Daylilies also come in a variety of heights and bloom sizes. Daylilies are a facinating flower to work with in landscaping as they come in early bloomers, mid season bloomers, late bloomers and re-bloomers for an entire season long of flowering landscapes.
Hemerocallis - Greek terminology "Beauty for a day." Daylily stocks contain numerous flower buds. Each single flower on the stock opens for a single day. Daylilies are hybrid plants meaning they are not reproduced from seed but rather bulb division. Daylilies grow underground all year long and will increase in plant size each year 2-4 times in a single season. The plants get bigger each year and may be divided and planted in other areas or simply give as gifts and people do love daylilies.
There are three catagories of daylilies which are dormant, semi evergreen and evergreen. Dormant daylilies die back in the winter months and they require this rest time in order to grow. Some dormant plants may not grow well in the southern states as they need this dormant rest period to grow. Semi evergreen plants will grow year round but in the colder northern climates the new growth will die back with every frost and when the weather warms up, usually in early April, the plant growth above ground will begin to take hold and grow once again. The evergreen plants continue to grow year round in the southern states but will die back in the colder northern states until the weather warms up in early April and will then begin to grow again. I always advise northern growers to buy their daylily plants from northern growers as these plants have been proven to survive northern winters. Some of the plants grown in the southern states will not survive northern winters.
Diploid (dip) and Tetraploid (tet) for the average gardner means nothing. These two terms refer to the daylilies chromosone content. This information should be made available to you when purchasing your daylily from any grower. When crossing two separate daylily plants or hybridizing as it is called you may only hybridize plants of the same chromosone content meaning crossing dip with dip or tet with tet. Using the pollen stem and introducing the pollen to the stemen will create an entirely new daylily from the crossing and a new seed pod containing the traits of both plants will begin to grow in approximately three weeks. After the seed pod turns brown and begins to split simply pluck it from the plants and allow it to dry for three weeks and then place it in an envelope in the refrigerator until spring at which time you may plant your seed in the ground. In order to speed up growing time you may plant your seeds indoors four months earlier.
Your are now ready to name your new daylily and if you like register that new name with the AHS - American Hemerocallis Society. The AHS has over 40,000 daylily names registered. The AHS has specific requirements that you will have to follow in order to register your new plant. To find out more please visit the AHS @ http://www.daylilies.org/AHSregister.html
Daylilies will grow in any soil. I could say in well drained soil but thats just not the case. I have planted daylilies in clay soil, sandy soil and soil so wet you sink when you walk in it. I can honestly say that daylilies will grow in any soil type.n any soil type.
Daylilies grow best in full sun with a minimum of six hours of sunlight for best blooming potential.
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